|Project Management Professional Information
The 1950s marked the beginning of the modern Project Management era. Project management was formally recognized as
a distinct discipline arising from the management discipline. In the United States, prior to the 1950s, projects
were managed on an ad hoc basis using mostly Gantt Charts, and informal techniques and tools. At that time,
two mathematical project-scheduling models were developed. The "Critical Path Method" (CPM) was developed as
a joint venture between DuPont Corporation and Remington Rand Corporation for managing plant maintenance projects.
And the "Program Evaluation and Review Technique" or PERT, was developed by Booz-Allen & Hamilton as part of the
United States Navy's (in conjunction with the Lockheed Corporation) Polaris missile submarine program. These
mathematical techniques quickly spread into many private enterprises.
The Project Management Institution (PMI®) was founded in 1969 and first started offering the PMP® certification exam in 1984. PMI® is accredited as an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards developer and also has the distinction of being the first organization to have its certification program attain International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001 recognition.
During the last two decades, PMI® has experienced explosive growth in membership, as more and more organizations are recognizing the importance of project management procedures and practices. To find out more information about Project Management Institute, visit the official PMI® website.
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